Just enter the port to quickly understand what a resource of water is inextricably linked to the history of Favignana. On the right , overlooking the creek , stands in fact an industrial complex designed by the designer de Palermo Giuseppe Damiani Almeyda . The large and numerous sheds, divided into sections on an area of 100 thousand square meters and topped by tall, thin chimneys , are the home of Italy´s most famous tuna . In the golden age , which starts in the first half of the nineteenth century and lasts continuously for a century, we work every year up to 10 thousand tuna. Between 1840 and 1845 are produced every 12 months approximately 18,000 barrels of oil and silver livery Pescioni from 45,000 in salt. Around 1890, the company´s workers reach to touch the 900 units , forming alone an entire country. The structure uses the latest equipment , is equipped d ´ an infirmary and inside also has a nursery for the children of the female staff. And when the crisis comes around 1970 , followed shortly after by the closure, there is an unprecedented phenomenon of migration . Not far away , on the left , rises instead a palace adorned with battlements and pinnacles. It is the summer residence of the Florio , the island that give life to a business envied and used as an example throughout Europe. The founder of the dynasty is Paul, who arrives in Palermo at the end of the eighteenth century following the flows from Calabria . With the business derived from a grocery store leaves a considerable fortune to his son Vincent, who gets 5 October 1841 " in Gabella" by the Marquis Giuseppe and Filippo Carlo Rusconi Durazzo Pallavicini favignanesi the ancient traps . The bond becomes unbreakable when in 1874 the heir Ignatius senior purchase all the Egadi for almost 3 million lire. This creates various shipping companies , including the " Tirrenia " , and is also elected Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. It is the golden season of the family, but also a cascade of the population. Scion Ignatius junior gets to marry Franca Jacona of the barons of San Giuliano, that D´ Annunzio called "the divine beauty " , while the younger brother Vincenzo inaugurated in 1906 the famous car race that bears the surname of the family . The extraordinary epic remain the nostalgic memories, immortalized on postcards or in the paintings of Antonio Varni and Gianni Fool
But the main ritual is reminiscent of the slaughter , which falls every year at the turn of May and June. The day is decided by " rais " , which is essentially the director of all the maneuvers and also has the task of choosing the most appropriate time to open the curtain on the spectacular and bloody operation . The tuna come in droves from the Atlantic following the ancestral instinct that drives them to the ideal areas in which to reproduce. A maze of networks studied channels them into spaces more and more narrow until the " death chamber ." Roberto Duiz compares the scenario to an endless pinball . Pets are the balls that come from the Straits of Gibraltar , clash with the Tunisian coast , and after another unspecified number of rebounds eventually come into the hole. Meanwhile the black boats , accompanied by the sounds of an ancient Arab dirge called " cialoma ," Palo reach St. Peter´s and there men give off a special bullfight in which the two harpoons of the bullfighters are replaced by the harpoon . And once again, the blue sea turns red .
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COMMENT "IN THE TRAP OF FAVIGNANA BLUE SEA WAS TINGED WITH RED"
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